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GSM Technology over Satellite for Disaster Management in Myanmar
- Telecommunication systems play an ever-increasing and important role in ensuring timely and effective responses to emergency services. The rescue phase in which the promptness of action can save many lives during and after disaster. Disasters often come along with the destruction of the local telecommunication infrastructure causing severe problems for rescue operations. Satellite communications is then the only communication means for the rescue teams. This paper emphasizes on GSM link over satellite medium. Appropriate interface of GSM is to be chosen, which is most vulnerable to destruction. The most vulnerable interface disruption occurs to Abis interface which is defined between Base Station Transceiver (BTS) and Base Station Controller (BSC). Also Abis interface is chosen here because it can be routed over the satellite to provide cost effective communication in developing countries with poor terrestrial communication infrastructure. In this paper, the suitable protocol architecture for Abis interface over satellite medium is chosen for disaster management applications. This paper proposed a system and its implementation plan to incorporate the existing GSM system to deploy over satellite by establishing a pico BTS with a few kilometres coverage around disaster site to connect to disaster safe site for immediate relief operations.
Cho Thet Paing