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Sustainable development in livelihood of Shan National (Zaw Ti Gone Village, Hmwe Bi Township, Yangon, Myanmar), International Conference on Myanmar & the Sustainable Development Goals
- The objectives of this research are: to increase income for the local economic development, to create income generating activities for local people and to promote livelihood for local people. Expected outcome of this research is to make other ethnic groups can understand and value on the various sociocultural assets based on livelihood of Shan Nationals and promote the national unity and solidarity with the knowledge of their traditional customs and beliefs. Research area is in Zaw-ti-gone village, Hmwe Bi Township, Yangon, Myanmar. In this research, participatory methods were used for conducting collecting data. Specific research tools included Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA), participant observation method, key Informants Interview (KII), In-depth Interview(IDI), Focus Group Discussion (FGD), transect walk, kinship diagram, social mapping (use to find out social status of village people; richest, well-to-do people, poor, poorest). These data were analyzed from Cultural Anthropology point of view. The ethical clearance from the informants' consents was also got. Duration of this research was from February to December 2013. Shan ethnic people living in the Zaw-ti-gone village have an industry reflecting skills and the village men and women engaged in some occupations to obtain the sustainable development in their livelihood. Various types of livelihood such as betel leaves farming, seasonal crops, flower gardening, paddy fields, animal husbandry, migrant workers and daily workers for chicken husbandry, carpenters, making Shan traditional long drum (Oo-si) and playing performance, sewing traditional dress (Lon-gyi) and broom making were conducted. Moreover, retired government staffs get a pension every month, and some villagers manage small shop in village also got some incomes. Most of the villagers' income is highly affected by its weather condition. After doing this research, one can learn that the income for the local economic development can gradually increase based on their private skills and their impact on maintaining their ethnic identity. Moreover, these local people can create the income generating activities more by themselves and can promote their livelihood by making mutual understanding with other ethnic groups, enhancing the value on the various socio-cultural assets more based on livelihood of Shan Nationals. By doing so, they can also enhance the national unity and solidarity with the knowledge of their traditional customs and beliefs based on their own livelihood strategies.
Dr. Lwin Lwin Mon
- the Australia Myanmar Institute, University of Yangon and Myanmar Institute of Strategic and International Studies, University of Yangon
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