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The Roles and Functions of Bamar Traditional musical Instruments in Myanmar
- The title of thesis is "Roles and Functions of Bamar Traditional Musical Instruments in Myanmar". The aim of this thesis is to explore the Roles and Functions of Bamar Traditional Musical Instruments especially Drum Ensemble ("Saing Wain" in Myanmar) in Bamar Society. This thesis was tended to describe the background of Bamar Musical Instruments, to find out the traditional functions and roles of Bamar Musica l Instruments in the socio-cultural life of Bamar society. To explore the creative process and the interaction of artists and their audience and to examine the relationships with other aspects of culture and society. To achieve the objectives, this study was conducted with qualitative research method and crosssectional descriptive study design and it is based on Bamar society. This study is carried on anthropological approach to music. To collect informatio n and data regarding with the usage of big drum in Yangon Region area some wards and villages of in the Townships of 'Daw pon', 'Hie-gu ', 'North Okkalar' and Mayankone', were chosen as sites of study. The villages and wards chosen for the study sites were; Bo Tun Zan ward in 'Dow pon' Township, No (2) ward in 'North Okka/apo' Township, No(5) ward in 'Mayankone' Township, and 'Ye Mon ' village, 'Kyun Kalay ' village, 'Kyauk-ain' village in 'Hle-gu'Township. The majority of Bamar societies are Buddhism and some believe on traditional spirit ("nat " in Pali). Some musical instruments are used when holding some social activities in Bamar Society. It was found that musical instruments were used not only in auspicious ceremony: noviatiation, donation, birthday, and seasonal rituals, offering ritual for spirits but also inauspicious ceremony: funeral ceremony, the funeral ofmonks, funeral ofmonk's mother and funeral of monk's father. When a votary holds a propit iation ceremony for fulfilling desire, some musical instruments are used. In spirits propitiation ceremony, some musical instruments were hired by a leader of votary team ("kanarsee" in Myanmar). It is found that although the same musical instruments were used in social activities and propitiation ceremony, the playing methods were quite different. It also found that the using musical instruments showed the status of social role.
- University of Yangon