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Sociocultural Determinats of Well-Being of the Elderly People in Sanchaung Township, Yangon City
- Aging is an important issue for both developed and developing countries including Myanmar and, the role of sociocultural factors upon well-being of elderly is also the issue that need to be investigated. This study attempted to point out some factors influencing upon the well-being of the elderly population in Sanchaung Township, urban area of Yangon City. The objective of this study was to describe the situation of well-being of the elderly people in Sanchaung Township, urban area of Yangon city and their determinants. This study is a community-based cross-sectional descriptive study with analytical component. The method used in this study is a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods as mixed method. In this study, data were collected from 296 elderly people and used with face-to-face interview questionnaire covering well-being of the elderly. In-depth Interview (lDI) was used as data collection technique for the qualitative findings. The majority of respondents (48%) were in medium well-being group. Significant differences were found three out of four demographic variables, gender, age group and marital status. Moreover younger age group and married couples were experiencing more well-being than older age groups andn unmarried, widowed and divorced groups. Of all of the socio-economic variables, only three variables educational levels, employment status and own income were found significantly associated with the well-being of the elderly respondents. In this study, no one of support was associated with the well-being of the elderly respondents. Furthermore, there was significant association between cognitive function of the elderly respondents and their wellbeing. The quantitative findings were supported by the qualitative finings of the informants' reports with five main themes; income (their own or family), types of the social support(family or relatives), perception of the elderly concerning the attitudes of their younger generation towards them, religious practice and belief in fate. In the qualitative finding, it was learnt from the elderly population that their children become lesser respect to most elderlypeople. Thus, as for the community or society, it needs to find the ways to maintain the traditions of the respect to the elderly by the younger generation in Myanmar culture.
Thu Zar Aung
- University of Yangon