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The role of native people in the development of Chaung Tha Beach Resort, Pathein Township
- Native people play an important role in the initial development of a resort. During the development . process, however, the role. of these peoples gradually minimizes and shifts to the marginal jobs with the participation of outside capitals. This paper analyzed this process from a case study of Chaung Tha Beach Resort. Data are derived from structured and opened interviews conducted to local peoples, owners of economic activities those who are directly related to resort development and local authority concerns. The results reveals that ( 1) Chaung Tha changed from primary economic activities such as coconut plantation and fishing to service industry in the late 1990s, (2) With the development of resort, new capital investments came from Pathein and Yangon in many sectors while people (work force) from various parts of Ayeyarwady. Region were migrated to Chaung Tha, (3) Only some educated native people or those who has connection with peoples from more developed regions could successfully adapted to newly emerged (service) economy, (4) Majority of native people are not well educated and could not compete .with the newly migrated people in many jobs. Thus, the role of native people is gradually diminishing with the development of Chaung Tha. Contribution of local people to the development of Chaung Tha should be restored by means of promoting local cultures and identity such as production of Theyetaw cake: selling of Rakhine cuisine. This identity building and commodification of culture could support the sustainable development of Chaung Tha.
Cho Mar Oo
Yee Yee Than
Htay Htay Naing