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Effects or Summer Paddy Cultivation on Economy of Local Farmers in Myaungmya Township, Ayeyarwady Region
- Myaungmya is one of the townships in Ayeyarwady Region located in Deltaic area. Summer paddy is extensively cultivated as second crop in the cool dry period. Summer paddy cultivated area covers nearly 90 percent of the summer paddy cultivated area. Although most femes cultivate summer paddy as a major crop, their cultivation practices differ from one farmer to another. Depending on cultivation practices, farmers are classed in to feu groups: farmers of first group are the Richwho cultivate summer paddy intensively, they cultivate systematically and carefully. In second group farmers cultivate summer paddy for the purpose of distributing seeds for local farmers, and farmers who cultivate paddy on self -help basis for household consumption are in the third group. Fanners of fourth group are poor and they do not cultivate paddy and rent the land to private company. Most farmers in the area cultivate high yield varieties to boost the yield with the intention of getting more income. Therefore, effects of summer paddy cultivation on economy differ in accordance with the cultivation practises. The objectives of the paper are to understand the reasons that cause different cultivation system, to explore different farming practices, to find out different rent returns from summer paddy cultivation am to forecast the future prospects of swimmer paddy cultivation in the arcs. To present the paper, primary data is mainly applied and mixed method is used.
Win Pa pa Myo
Khin Kay Khine
- Journal of the Asia Research Centre