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Remote Sensing and GIS Study at Beikthano (Vishnu City)
- The Pyus, a Tibeto-Burman people, came down into Myanmar from the North-East and sell led first at a site that would later be called Bcikthano (Vishnu) in Ayeyawady valley. Bcikthano developed gradually, from a small village to a city, in the course of successive stages of evolution. This complex development involved numerous inputs, from Indians. Khmers and Mons. Such inputs intertwined with the Pyus' indigenous beliefs, customs and ways of life, formulating what would ultimately be known as the Pyus ' defining religious beliefs, arts and crafts, as well as trade ,commerce patterns and techniques needed for the construction and building of cities. Bcikthano located on trade routes between India and China, sustained trade relations with South and North India, Yunan, Fnnan and the Men's regions. These interactions enabled Bcikthano to advance its economic fortunes. Hut such achievements were largely local in their broader impact. Beikthano remained the target of frequent assaults from neighboring city slates and other slates. This was the case in the 3rd and early 5thcenturies, when Boikthano experienced two great attacks from its neighbors. These attacks did not prove fatal, and Bcikrhano remained a significant site in the early historic development of the Pyus from the early first millennium A.D. well into the thirteenth century. This paper briefly describes the archaeology of Bcikthano, and how the information recorded in archaeological site inventories can be used in predictive modelling using GIS.
- Journal of the Asia Research Centre