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The Urban Layout Pattern of Halin Ancient Pyu City
- Beikthano, Halin and Sri Ksetra were famous Ancient Pyu Cities of Myanmar. The Pyu Ancient Cities urban pattern is distinctive and original: high walls with defensive embanked ramparts and massive curved gateways set with heavy iron fixtures to mount wooden doors. Archaeological excavations at Halin have exposed the remains of parts of the ancient city moat, embankments, walls and gates. The city gates are massive, with walls curving inwards to form two parallel arms flanking the long funnel-like passage leading to the interior of the city. Halin ancient city has yet to be scientifically investigated or archaeologically excavated. The gates are massive at all the three cities, but the longest and widest gates are seen at Halin. The city wall was built directly on the ground without foundation with large brick. In several of the remains of the Halin city gates, holes in the foundation for wooden poles supporting a super-structure have been excavated. There is congruity between the ancient settlement pattern and land use and the present day settlement pattern and land-use. The palace is located in the middle, with more unexcavated mounds throughout the walled city and traces of the ancient city moat seen on the north, east and west. The walled city area is located on higher ground above the present Halin Village on the south.
- Journal of the Asia Research Centre