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Livelihood Strategies of Boatmen Living in Samarduwar Ward, Seikkyi Khanaungto Township Economic Anthropological Perspective
- According to historical evidence, Samarduwarr ward has been existed since 1972 and people in this ward are making a living by relying on Yangon River and Khanaungto creek. Since this ward mainly use waterway, the roles of boatmen are important. The specific objectives of this study are to explore their livelihood strategies, to examine their concept on safety life, to analyze which ways are suitable for their sustainable development and poverty alleviation in Seikkyi Khanaungto Township, Yangon Region, Myanmar. This thesis was used qualitative research method, informal interview (II), focus group discussion (FGD), and key informant interview (KII). In this thesis, boatmen has to be skillful not only about engine but also about water way. Besides, it is learnt that experience and right decision making skill are needed to overcome the sudden danger successfully. Moreover, some people are observed standing at the front motorboat, sayingprayers of their respective religion to feel secured and wish for safety. Boatmen include in daily wages laborers and they struggle their lives using their own motorboats as their capital. They have a lot of difficulties to give member fees for their line. When they do not have any saving, they have to borrow money with interest rate is too high. Moreover, since they need to do some repair for their boats once in six month, majority of boatmen have to borrow money and do it. Since their daily wages hardly cover their family basic needs, they solve their family need by doing some work from which they could earn more money in their free time. It is difficult for the boatmen’s children to finish high school. Therefore, the children quit school to support their family needs after they have finished their primary school. Therefore, it is observed that boatmen’s children have a lot of difficulties to go to middle school even. By observing this, it is learnt that boatmen emphasize on social and religious affairs in their lives. It is observed that boatmen solve their socio-economic needs by using their social capital mainly.
Swe Swe Aung
- University of Yangon